自定义异常处理

基于Aspectj的自定义注解异常处理

定义业务异常类

/**
 * BusinessException.java
 * 自定义业务异常
 * 继承RuntimeException,而不是Exception,否则导致spring事务无法回滚
 */
public class BusinessException extends RuntimeException {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    // 自定义错误码
    private int code;
    private String msg;

    public BusinessException(ResultEnums resultEnum) {
        super(resultEnum.getMsg());
        this.code = resultEnum.getCode();
    }

    public BusinessException(int code, String msg) {
        super(msg);
        this.code = code;
    }

    public int getCode() {
        return code;
    }
    public void setCode(int code) {
        this.code = code;
    }
    public String getMsg() {
        return msg;
    }
    public void setMsg(String msg) {
        this.msg = msg;
    }
}
/**
 * ResultEnums.java
 * 自定义异常枚举:返回码-->返回信息
 */
public enum ResultEnums {
    // 常用信息
    ERROR(-1, "请求错误"),
    FAILED(0, "请求失败"),
    SUCCESS(1, "请求成功")

    ;
    // 状态码
    private int code;
    // 返回信息
    private String msg;

    ResultEnums(int code, String msg) {
        this.code = code;
        this.msg = msg;
    }

    public int getCode() {
        return code;
    }
    public String getMsg() {
        return msg;
    }
}

自定义 Service 异常注解及处理

/**
 * ServiceExceptionHandler.java
 * 自定义Service异常注解
 */
@Target({ ElementType.METHOD })
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Documented
public @interface ServiceExceptionHandler {
}
/**
 * ServiceExceptionAspect.java
 * 自定义Service异常处理AOP
 */
@Component
@Aspect
public class ServiceExceptionAspect {

    private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ServiceExceptionAspect.class);

    public ServiceExceptionAspect() {}

    /**
     * 异常通知, 在方法抛出异常之后
     * pointcut:切入点是带有@ServiceExceptionHandler注解的方法
     * @annotation()中填写@ServiceExceptionHandler注解位置
     * @param joinPoint
     * @param throwable
     * @throws BusinessException
     */
    @AfterThrowing(
        pointcut = "@annotation(com.admin.api.config.ServiceExceptionHandler)",
        throwing = "throwable"
    )
    public void afterRuntimeException(JoinPoint joinPoint, Throwable throwable) throws BusinessException {
        // 如果是业务异常,直接抛出
        if (throwable instanceof BusinessException) {
            throw (BusinessException) throwable;
        } else if (throwable instanceof RuntimeException) {
            // 如果是运行时异常,记录异常之后,包装成业务异常在抛出
            log.error("service: {}", throwable.getMessage(), throwable);
            throw new BusinessException(ResultEnums.ERROR);
        }
    }
}

自定义 Controller 异常注解及处理

/**
 * ControllerExceptionHandler.java
 * 自定义Controller异常注解
 */
@Target({ ElementType.METHOD })
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Documented
public @interface ControllerExceptionHandler {
}
/**
 * ControllerExceptionAspect.java
 * 自定义Controller异常处理AOP
 */
@Component
@Aspect
public class ControllerExceptionAspect {

    private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ControllerExceptionAspect.class);

    /**
     * 环绕通知, 围绕着方法执行
     * 切入点是带有@ControllerExceptionHandler注解的方法
     * @annotation()中填写@ControllerExceptionHandler注解位置
     * @param joinPoint
     * @return
     */
    @Around("@annotation(com.admin.api.config.ControllerExceptionHandler)")
    public Object controllerMethodHandler(ProceedingJoinPoint joinPoint) {
        try {
            return joinPoint.proceed();
        } catch (Throwable throwable) {
            // 如果是业务异常,直接抛出
            if (throwable instanceof BusinessException) {
                throw (BusinessException) throwable;
            } else {
                // 非业务异常,记录异常之后,包装成业务异常在抛出
                log.error("Controller: {}", throwable.getMessage(), throwable);
                throw new BusinessException(ResultEnums.ERROR);
            }
        }
    }
}

异常处理,返回json格式的异常包装信息,而非错误页面,返回值包装类参照请点击此处

/**
 * ExceptionHandler.java
 * 全局异常处理
 */
@ControllerAdvice
public class ExceptionHandler {

    private final static Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ExceptionHandler.class);

    /**
     * 异常处理,返回json格式的异常包装信息,而非错误页面
     * @param e
     * @return
     */
    @org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ExceptionHandler(value = Exception.class)
    @ResponseBody
    public <T> Result<T> handler(Exception e) {
        if (e instanceof BusinessException) {
            // 业务异常,响应相应错误
            BusinessException be = (BusinessException) e;
            return ResultUtil.error(be.getCode(), be.getMessage());
        } else {
            log.error("--- 系统异常 --> {}", e);
            // 系统异常,相应相应错误
            return ResultUtil.error(ResultEnums.ERROR.getCode(), ResultEnums.ERROR.getMsg());
        }
    }
}
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